Asthma & Allergy

What is Asthma?

Allergies and asthma are two of the most common chronic diseases in the United States. Asthma is a respiratory condition that causes the airway to narrow and makes breathing difficult. It affects 1 in 13 people. Allergy is a chronic condition involving an abnormal reaction to an ordinarily harmless substance called an allergen.

Overview

Many people may not realize that there is a link between allergy and asthma, which often occur together. If a person experiences either condition, they can benefit from learning about how they are related.

Symptoms

Allergies - The most common symptom is itching of nose, roof of mouth, throat and eyes. Other symptoms include:

Asthma - The most common symptom is wheezing. This is a scratchy or whistling sound when breathing. Other symptoms include:

Causes

Allergy

A particular antibody called immunoglobulin (IgE) causes allergic reactions. Antibodies are released to combat foreign and potentially harmful substances in the body. IgE is released to destroy the allergen and causes the production of chemicals that trigger the allergic reaction. One of these chemicals is called histamine. Histamine causes tightening of the muscles in the airways and the walls of blood vessels. It also instructs the lining of the nose to produce more mucus.

The following are the risk factors for developing allergies:

Asthma

No single cause has been identified for asthma. Instead, researchers believe that the breathing condition is caused by a variety of factors.

The risk factors for ashtma include:

Diagnosis

Following are the diagnostic tests for asthma:

Following are the diagnostic tests for allergies:

Treatment

Treatments for asthma fall into three primary categories: 

Treatments for asthma fall into three primary categories: 

Medications

Asthma medications include:

Allergy medications include:

Few of the medications used in the infusion are:

CINQAIR
XOLAIR
NUCALA
IVIG