Dermatomyositis is an uncommon inflammatory disease marked by muscle weakness and a distinctive skin rash. The condition can affect adults and children. In adults, dermatomyositis usually occurs from the late 40s to early 60s. In children, it most often appears between 5 and 15 years of age. Dermatomyositis affects more females than males. There's no cure for dermatomyositis, but periods of symptom improvement (remission) can occur. Treatment can clear the skin rash and help you regain muscle strength and function.
The most common signs and symptoms of dermatomyositis include:
It is autoimmune disorders, in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body tissues. Small blood vessels in muscular tissue are particularly affected in dermatomyositis. Inflammatory cells surround the blood vessels and eventually lead to destruction of muscle fibers.
Psoriasis patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas.
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disease that affects the mucous membranes, which are found in areas including the:
This disease usually starts with blisters in the mouth and then on the skin. The blisters sometimes affect the membranes of the genitals.
Pemphigus vulgaris can be dangerous. Treatment is essential, and typically involves the use of corticosteroids to suppress the immune system. The condition can cause serious complications if it isn’t treated. Some of these complications can be fatal.
The symptoms of pemphigus vulgaris include:
Physical examination of the skin blisters is done by the dermatologists. The primary indictor is called Nikosky's sign where the skin shears off easily when the surface is wiped sideways with a cotton swab or a finger. Then the blister is sent for biopsy and then the diagnosis is confirmed.
Corticosteroids (oral or intravenous).
Antibiotics and protective dressings for ruptured blisters.
Often immunosuppressants or immune globulin to reduce corticosteroid use.
Hidradenitis suppurativa tends to start after puberty. It can persist for many years and worsen over time, with serious effects on your daily life and emotional well-being. Medications and surgery can help manage symptoms and prevent complications from this condition.