Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a group of intestinal disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract.
The human digestive tract comprises the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. It’s responsible for breaking down food, extracting the nutrients, and removing any unusable material and waste products. Inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract disrupts this normal process. IBD can be very painful and disruptive, and in some cases, it may even be life-threatening.
Symptoms vary according to the location and severity of the disease, as well as the type of disease. The following symptoms are common to both types of IBD:
It is not known what causes IBD exactly, but many experts believe several factors may play a role:
In order to diagnose IBD, a doctor will take a full medical history before ordering one or more diagnostic tests. Types of tests include:
Types of endoscopic procedures typically used include:
Surgery can sometimes be necessary for people with IBD. Some IBD surgeries include:
The inflammation caused by Crohn's disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Crohn's disease can be both painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications.
While there's no known cure for Crohn's disease, therapies can greatly reduce its signs and symptoms and even bring about long-term remission. With treatment, many people with Crohn's disease are able to function well.
The symptoms of Crohn's disease depend on where in the bowel the disease occurs. They also depend on its severity. Symptoms can include:
Other symptoms can develop, depending on complications related to the disease. It includes:
Most commonly used drugs are cortecosteroids which can control the flare from the Crohn's disease but because of the effects of steroids they are not the right choice for long term control. Treatment helps in easing or reducing the symptoms while maintaining the remission and hopefully no relapse.